A Survey analysis of energy use and conservation opportunities in Chinese households

  • A Survey analysis of energy use and conservation opportunities in Chinese households, China’s Energy Efficiency and Conservation, Springer, 2016, 5-22 (Wei C., Qin P., Song F., Zheng X., Yu Y., Guo  Z.)

Abstract: Based on the detailed CRECS-2012 dataset with 1,450 surveyed households, this study provides a brief overview of Chinese energy consumption at the household level in 2012. Furthermore, this study investigates the various types of household energy conservation behaviour. We have several major findings. First, our results show that a representative Chinese household in 2012 consumed 1,426 kgce (standard coal equivalent), which is approximately 44 % of that in the US in 2009, and 38 % of that in the EU 27 in 2008. Space heating is the most energy-intensive activity in a household, accounting for over half of the consumption. Second, the barrier to energy efficiency in space heating lies in the current pricing system of district heating. In order to improve the individual incentive to conserve energy, the reform should be carried out so that heating charges are made according to the actual usage. Third, although there are various government programmes to subsidise energy-efficient appliances, the purchase rate for less energy-intensive appliances, such as TVs, water heaters and computers, is still low. This calls for more research to understand the determinants of household energy conservation behaviour. [Linkage]